Location: Baotou is situated in the central part of
Inner Mongolia, on the Tumochuan and Hetao Flatlands, with the
Yellow River to the south and Mongolia to the north. The greater
municipality occupies an area of 27,691 square kilometers, and
has become a strategic area linking the Bohai Economic Zone to the northwest. Baotou
is the largest
rare earth industrial base
in China, and is also famous for its facilities for the production
of iron and steel, machinery, non-ferrous metals, and textiles.
Baotou is only 700 km from Beijing, and has
become a transportation hub for the northwest part of the country.
There are direct
to Beijing (1 hour), Guangzhou (5 hours), XiĄŻan (1 hour), and
Wuhan (2 hours), and through these hubs to other domestic and
international destinations. There is also daily passenger train
service to all parts of the country, including Beijing, Shanghai,
Tianjin, Ningbo, XiĄŻan, Wuhan, Shenyang, and Lanzhou, with connections
to other major coastal cities. From late 2002, freight trains
will be able to clear
and be shipped directly through the sea-port of Tianjin. Two national
highways, Numbers 110 and 210, pass through Baotou, linking Beijing
to Yinchuan, and XiĄŻan to Baiyunebo.
Resources: Baotou is rich in rare earth resources. Its proven reserves of rare earth
put it first worldwide. Baotou rare earth ore features high grade,
high content rare earth elements, and low production cost. In
1999, rare earth extraction in Baotou accounted for 60% of the world total. In addition to rare earth, Baotou is rich in other minerals, such as iron, niobium, gold, magnesium,
copper, and coal, with the second largest reserves of niobium
in the world. The world famous Shenfu-Dongsheng coal deposit is
located near Baotou, with reserves of over 200 billion tons. The
Yellow River passes through Baotou, with annual water discharge
of 26 billion cubic metres. Dalate Power Plant, with a capacity
of 5 million kWh, is only 40 km away. Thus, Baotou not only has
rich mineral resources, but also enjoys a healthy supply of water and power.
Support: There are over 100 R&D organizations
in Baotou, including three universities and two famous research
institutes, providing a rich supply of well-trained human resources. Baotou Rare Earth Research Institute is the worldĄŻs largest rare earth research
The, under the Ministry of Military Industry, have a strong R&D
team and advanced facilities.
Base: Baotou has well-established industrial systems, including iron and steel, rare earth, machinery,
non-ferrous metals, textiles, electronics, and chemical engineering.
Baotou Iron & Steel Corporation, the 5th largest steel works in China,
has an annual production capacity of 4 million tons of cast iron
and 4 million tons of steel. The Inner Mongolia #1 and #2 Machinery
Factories have established joint ventures to produce North Benz
and Terex heavy-duty trucks and tractors with sales at home and
abroad establishing Baotou as one of the top 3 heavy-duty truck production
bases in China.
Baotou Aluminum Plant is one of the largest aluminum producers in China, and has played a leading role in production
capacity and technological improvement in this field in China.
Baotou is also an important production base for cashmere and linen products. Baotou King Deer Cashmere Group is one of the largest
cashmere producers in the world and its exports of cashmere products
has been ranked first domestically in recent years.